Rechargeable Battery Types

is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, as opposed to a disposable or primary battery, which is supplied fully charged and discarded after use. Cellphones of the past came equipped with rechargeable nickel-based batteries with (Ni-Cd and NiMH).

In the past few years, however, most rechargeable batteries used in phones are Lithium-based.

They are either Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) and Lithium Polymer (Li-Po).

The fundamental difference between a polymer lithium-ion battery and a liquid lithium-ion battery is that the electrolytes used in the two are different.

Lithium-ion batteries have high energy density, so they hold more charge per volume but lose charge with aging even when not used.

Li-Polymer has a lower energy density battery, but they are thinner, lighter, safer, and retain charge better as their age.

Lithium polymer batteries are more advanced and significantly more expensive than Lithium-ion to manufacture so neither is definitively better than the other. Manufactures usually decide which type of battery is better suited for the the particular device design.

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